Foam to Fill Voids Under a Concrete Slab

Understanding the Importance of Foam to Fill Voids Under a Concrete Slab

When it comes to constructing or repairing concrete slabs, ensuring stability and durability is crucial. Voids or empty spaces beneath the concrete slab can lead to various issues such as sinking, cracking, and uneven surfaces. To combat these problems, it’s essential to employ effective techniques for filling the voids. We will explore the benefits of using foam to fill voids under a concrete slab and how FoamWorks can provide reliable solutions for your needs.

What Causes Voids Under a Concrete Slab?

Before we delve into the solution, let’s understand what causes voids to form under concrete slabs. Several factors contribute to the formation of voids, including:

  1. Erosion: Water, over time, can wash away the soil beneath the concrete slab, creating empty spaces.
  2. Poor Compaction: Inadequate compaction of the soil during construction can lead to settlement and voids.
  3. Shifting Soil: Soil that expands and contracts due to changes in moisture content can cause voids to form.
  4. Plumbing Leaks: Water leakage from pipes beneath the slab can erode the soil, resulting in voids.
  5. Natural Factors: Environmental factors like freeze-thaw cycles, earthquakes, and subsidence can also create voids under concrete slabs.

The Risks and Consequences of Voids

Voids under a concrete slab can pose significant risks and consequences if left unaddressed. Some of the potential problems include:

  1. Structural Instability: Voids weaken the support beneath the slab, compromising its structural integrity.
  2. Uneven Surfaces: Voids can cause the slab to sink or settle unevenly, leading to tripping hazards and an unpleasant appearance.
  3. Cracking and Damage: Voids create stress points, increasing the likelihood of cracks and damage to the slab over time.
  4. Water Accumulation: Voids can allow water to accumulate, leading to moisture-related issues like mold and deterioration of the concrete.

Introducing Foam as an Effective Solution

To combat the challenges associated with voids under concrete slabs, foam has emerged as a reliable solution. Foam is a specialized material designed to fill voids and provide structural support. It is commonly used in construction projects and offers several advantages over traditional methods.

How Foam Works to Fill Voids Under a Concrete Slab

The foam used for void filling, often referred to as polyurethane foam, is a two-component system that expands upon mixing. Here’s a simplified breakdown of how foam works to fill voids under a concrete slab:

  1. Inspection and Preparation: Skilled professionals from FoamWorks assess the condition of the slab and identify the voids that need to be filled.
  2. Injection Process: Small holes are drilled into the slab, strategically placed near the voids. A specialized foam injection equipment is then used to inject the foam mixture into the voids.
  3. Expansion and Filling: Upon injection, the foam expands, filling the voids and exerting pressure on the surrounding soil.
  4. Stabilization: As the foam cures and hardens, it creates a solid support system, effectively stabilizing the slab.
  5. Cleanup and Finishing: After the foam has fully cured, excess foam is trimmed, and the holes are patched to restore the appearance of the slab.

Advantages of Using Foam for Void Filling

Foam offers several advantages over traditional methods when it comes to filling voids under concrete slabs. Here are some key benefits of using foam:

  1. Lightweight and Non-Invasive: Foam is lightweight and exerts minimal pressure on the soil, reducing the risk of further settlement or damage.
  2. Precision and Control: Foam injection allows for precise filling of voids, ensuring comprehensive coverage and support.
  3. Quick and Efficient: The foam cures rapidly, minimizing downtime and allowing for immediate use of the slab.
  4. Moisture Resistance: Foam is resistant to water and moisture, making it a suitable solution for void filling in areas prone to water exposure.
  5. Longevity and Durability: Foam provides long-lasting stability, maintaining the integrity of the slab for years to come.
  6. Cost-Effective: Compared to traditional methods, foam void filling is often more cost-effective due to its efficiency and reduced labor requirements.

FoamWorks: Your Trusted Partner for Void Filling Solutions

When it comes to void filling solutions, FoamWorks is the name you can trust. With years of experience in the industry, FoamWorks offers a comprehensive range of foam-related services, including void filling for concrete slabs. Here’s why you should choose FoamWorks:

  1. Expertise and Skill: The team at FoamWorks comprises skilled professionals who have extensive knowledge and expertise in foam applications.
  2. State-of-the-Art Equipment: FoamWorks utilizes advanced equipment and techniques to ensure precise and efficient void filling.
  3. Customized Solutions: FoamWorks understands that each project is unique, and they provide tailored solutions to meet your specific needs.
  4. Quality Assurance: FoamWorks is committed to delivering top-quality results, ensuring customer satisfaction and long-lasting performance.
  5. Timely and Reliable Service: FoamWorks values your time and strives to complete projects within agreed-upon timelines, minimizing disruptions.


When it comes to filling voids under a concrete slab, using foam has proven to be a highly effective and efficient solution. Foam provides stability, durability, and cost-effectiveness, offering long-term benefits for your construction projects. As a trusted provider of foam solutions, FoamWorks combines expertise, state-of-the-art equipment, and customized approaches to deliver reliable void filling services. Choose FoamWorks as your partner to use foam to fill voids under a concrete slab, and experience the difference in quality and performance.

restore your concrete

Restore Your Concrete Oasis: Unleash the Magic with FoamWorks’ Restoration Services

When it comes to the longevity and appearance of your concrete surfaces, regular maintenance and restoration are essential. Over time, concrete can deteriorate due to various factors such as weather conditions, heavy usage, and general wear and tear. Discoloration, and uneven surfaces can not only compromise the aesthetics but also pose safety hazards, that’s why we’d love to help restore your concrete back to its original stage. We offer professional concrete restoration services to bring back the beauty and durability of your concrete.

At FoamWorks, we understand the importance of maintaining your concrete surfaces, whether it’s a driveway, patio, sidewalk, or any other area. Our team of experienced professionals can restore your concrete using innovative techniques and high-quality materials. There are various benefits of restoring your concrete and how FoamWorks can help you achieve outstanding results.

The Impact of Damaged Concrete

Damaged concrete not only looks unappealing but can also affect the overall value and safety of your property. Let’s take a closer look at some of the common issues caused by damaged concrete:

Safety Concerns

Uneven surfaces in concrete can create tripping hazards for pedestrians. Whether it’s your home or commercial property, ensuring the safety of those who use it should be a top priority.


First impressions matter, and the appearance of your property plays a significant role. Discolored concrete can give a neglected and uncared-for impression, impacting the overall curb appeal of your property.

Structural Integrity

Uneveness in concrete can worsen over time, compromising its structural integrity. This can lead to further damage and costly repairs if left unaddressed.

The Benefits of Concrete Restoration

Restoring your concrete surfaces offers numerous benefits, ranging from enhancing safety to improving aesthetics and durability. Let’s delve into some of the key advantages:

Enhanced Safety

By repairing and restoring the evenness of concrete surfaces, you eliminate potential hazards. This ensures the safety of everyone who walks or drives on your property, reducing the risk of accidents and potential liabilities.

Improved Aesthetics

Concrete restoration breathes new life into worn-out surfaces. FoamWorks can transform your concrete, making it look fresh, clean, and inviting. Whether you prefer a simple, sleek design or a decorative finish, we offer a wide range of options to suit your style and preferences.

Increased Property Value

Well-maintained and visually appealing properties often command higher market value. By investing in concrete restoration, you not only improve the overall appearance of your property but also increase its resale potential.

Long-Term Cost Savings

Addressing concrete issues promptly can help prevent more extensive damage that may require costly repairs in the future. By opting for restoration now, you save money in the long run by avoiding more significant repairs or even complete replacement of concrete surfaces.

Why Choose FoamWorks?

When it comes to concrete restoration, you need a professional team with expertise in the field. Here’s why FoamWorks stands out:

Experience and Expertise

With years of experience in the industry, our team of skilled professionals has successfully restored numerous concrete surfaces. We stay updated with the latest techniques and technologies to deliver exceptional results that exceed our clients’ expectations.

Tailored Solutions

We understand that every project is unique, and our approach reflects that. FoamWorks provides customized solutions tailored to your specific needs, taking into account factors such as the condition of the concrete, your preferences, and budget constraints.

Quality Materials

At FoamWorks, we believe in using only the highest quality materials for concrete restoration. From durable fillers to top-notch coatings, our products are designed to withstand the test of time and provide long-lasting results.

Excellent Customer Service

Your satisfaction is our priority. We strive to deliver exceptional customer service, ensuring clear communication, prompt responses, and a seamless experience throughout the restoration process. We value your feedback and are committed to addressing any concerns or questions you may have.


Investing in the restoration of your concrete surfaces is a smart decision that brings numerous benefits. From improving safety and aesthetics to increasing property value, the advantages are undeniable. By choosing FoamWorks, you partner with a dedicated team of professionals who possess the expertise, use high-quality materials, and prioritize customer satisfaction.

Don’t let damaged concrete bring down the overall appeal of your property. Contact FoamWorks today for a consultation and let us restore your concrete, giving it a new lease on life. Experience the transformative power of professional concrete restoration with FoamWorks!

Uneven Sidewalk

Say Goodbye to Trips and Falls: The Ultimate Quick Fix for an Uneven Sidewalk

Walking on uneven sidewalks can be not only frustrating but also dangerous, as it increases the risk of trips and falls. You can eliminate the hazards of an uneven surface and uneven sidewalk and create a safe environment for everyone.

Why Uneven Sidewalks Are a Hazard

Uneven sidewalks pose a significant risk to pedestrians. They can cause people to trip, resulting in injuries that range from minor bruises to more severe fractures. Additionally, uneven surfaces make it challenging for people with mobility issues, such as seniors or those using mobility aids, to navigate safely. By addressing the problem of uneven sidewalks, we can enhance safety and accessibility in our communities.

Quick and Easy Solutions for Uneven Sidewalk

FoamWorks offers an innovative solution for repairing uneven sidewalks that is both quick and easy. By using a specialized foam material, you can level out the surface and restore its smoothness in no time. FoamWorks’ solution is cost-effective, durable, and requires minimal disruption to the surrounding area during the repair process.

Using FoamWorks for Sidewalk Repair

FoamWorks provides a range of products designed specifically for sidewalk repair. Their foam solution is injected beneath the concrete, expanding to fill voids and lift the uneven sections. This method ensures a long-lasting and reliable fix for your sidewalk, preventing future trips and falls. Let’s explore how to implement FoamWorks’ quick fix step-by-step.

Step-by-Step Guide to Implementing FoamWorks’ Quick Fix

  1. Assess the Condition of the Sidewalk:

    • Inspect the sidewalk for uneven areas, cracks, or voids.
    • Identify sections that require repair using FoamWorks’ solution.
    • Take note of any potential obstacles or factors that may affect the repair process.
  2. Prepare the Surface:

    • Clean the area thoroughly, removing any debris, dirt, or loose materials.
    • Use a pressure washer or stiff brush to ensure a clean and dry surface.
    • Make sure the sidewalk is free from any obstructions or barriers.
  3. Apply FoamWorks Solution:

    • Follow the instructions provided by FoamWorks for proper mixing and preparation of the foam solution.
    • Insert the injection nozzle into the pre-drilled holes in the sidewalk.
    • Gradually inject the foam beneath the concrete, filling voids and raising the uneven sections.
  4. Allow Time for the Solution to Cure:

    • Let the foam solution cure and expand, typically for a few hours.
    • Avoid any foot traffic or heavy loads on the repaired areas during the curing process.
    • Follow the specific instructions provided by FoamWorks regarding the curing time.
  5. Enjoy a Safe and Smooth Sidewalk:

    • Once the foam has fully cured, the sidewalk will be level and stable.
    • Take a walk and enjoy the newfound smoothness and safety of your sidewalk.
    • Regularly inspect the repaired areas to ensure they remain in good condition over time.


An uneven sidewalk can be a hazard, but with FoamWorks’ quick fix, you can say goodbye to trips and falls. By following their step-by-step guide and using their specialized foam solution, you can repair your sidewalk easily and effectively. Ensure the safety and accessibility of your community’s sidewalks with FoamWorks’ innovative products.

foam to fill voids under a concrete slab

Foam to Fill Voids Under a Concrete Slab: An Innovative Solution for Stable Foundations

Have you ever noticed cracks or unevenness in your concrete slab? Perhaps you’ve stumbled upon an unexpected void beneath the surface, causing concern about the stability of your foundation. Fear not! FoamWorks Pro has developed an ingenious solution that can resolve this issue effectively and efficiently: foam to fill voids under a concrete slab.

1. Understanding the Problem: Voids under Concrete Slabs

Concrete slabs can develop voids beneath them due to various reasons such as soil erosion, settling, or poor compaction during construction. These voids compromise the stability of the slab, leading to cracks, sinking, and potential structural damage.

2. Importance of a Stable Foundation

A stable foundation is essential for the integrity of any structure. When voids occur under a concrete slab, the entire foundation becomes vulnerable, risking the safety and durability of the building above. Addressing these voids promptly is crucial to prevent further damage and maintain a solid foundation.

3. Introducing FoamWorks Pro and Its Innovative Solution

FoamWorks Pro has revolutionized the construction industry with its cutting-edge foam technology designed specifically to fill voids under concrete slabs. Their expertise and dedication to quality make them the go-to professionals for ensuring stable foundations.

4. How Foam to Fill Voids Works

FoamWorks Pro employs a simple yet ingenious approach to fill voids under a concrete slab. Specialized foam, injected beneath the slab, expands and fills the empty spaces, effectively stabilizing the foundation. The foam’s expansive properties allow it to reach even the tightest corners, leaving no void untouched.

5. The Advantages of Using Foam for Voids

Using foam to fill voids offers numerous benefits compared to traditional methods. Here are some key advantages:

  • Lightweight and Non-Intrusive: The foam is lightweight, exerting minimal stress on the foundation. It also doesn’t require extensive excavation, minimizing disruption during the repair process.
  • Uniform and Controlled Expansion: Foam expands uniformly, ensuring consistent filling of voids. The controlled expansion allows for precise leveling and support.
  • Improved Load Distribution: By filling the voids, foam provides increased load-bearing capacity and reduces the risk of further settlement or sinking.
  • Moisture and Chemical Resistance: The foam used by FoamWorks Pro is resistant to moisture and chemicals, ensuring its durability and longevity.

6. Ensuring Long-Term Stability

FoamWorks Pro’s foam technology guarantees long-term stability for your concrete slab. The foam is designed to retain its properties over time, providing ongoing support and preventing future voids from forming. With this solution, you can have peace of mind knowing that your foundation is secure for years to come.

7. FoamWorks Pro: The Professional Choice

FoamWorks Pro stands out as the leader in the industry due to their expertise and commitment to quality. Their team of experienced professionals ensures that every project receives meticulous attention and precise execution, resulting in a reliable and long-lasting solution.

8. Applications and Versatility

Foam to fill voids under a concrete slab is a versatile solution that can be applied in various scenarios. Whether it’s residential, commercial, or industrial construction, FoamWorks Pro’s foam technology can be tailored to meet specific project requirements, providing customized solutions for every situation.

9. Cost-Effectiveness and Time Efficiency

Foam filling is a cost-effective and time-efficient alternative to traditional repair methods. The quick application process minimizes downtime, allowing you to resume normal operations sooner. Additionally, the longevity of the foam reduces the need for frequent repairs, saving you money in the long run.

10. Environmental Benefits

Foam to fill voids is an eco-friendly solution compared to alternatives that may involve excavation or other invasive procedures. By choosing FoamWorks Pro’s foam technology, you contribute to sustainable construction practices and minimize the environmental impact of your project.


Investing in FoamWorks Pro’s foam to fill voids under a concrete slab is a wise decision for ensuring a stable and long-lasting foundation. With this innovative solution, you can bid farewell to worries about cracks, sinking, and structural damage. Say hello to a secure future for your building, whether it’s your home, office, or any other structure. Don’t let voids undermine your peace of mind. Trust in FoamWorks Pro’s expertise, experience, and commitment to quality. Transform your concrete stability and embrace a foundation that will stand the test of time. Choose foam to fill voids and build with confidence!

how to level your concrete walkway

How to Level Your Concrete Walkway

Have you ever stumbled upon an uneven concrete walkway that made you question your balance and coordination? Uneven surfaces not only pose a risk to pedestrians but also detract from the overall aesthetic appeal of your property. Fortunately, there’s a solution that can help you achieve a perfectly level concrete walkway. There’s an innovative product that can transform your walkway and provide you with step-by-step instructions on how to level your concrete walkway effectively.

1. Why Leveling Your Concrete Walkway Matters

Imagine strolling down a walkway that feels like a rollercoaster ride, constantly forcing you to adjust your stride and balance. Uneven concrete walkways are not only inconvenient but can also lead to accidents and injuries. By leveling your walkway, you create a safe and smooth path for everyone to enjoy.

2. Understanding FoamWorks Pro

FoamWorks Pro is a revolutionary product designed to level concrete surfaces quickly and efficiently. It consists of a specialized polyurethane foam that expands to fill voids and raise sunken areas. Unlike traditional methods that involve extensive excavation or pouring new concrete, FoamWorks Pro offers a cost-effective and time-saving solution.

3. Preparing Your Concrete Walkway for Leveling

Before you begin the leveling process, it’s essential to prepare your concrete walkway adequately. Here are the steps to follow:

  • Clean the Surface: Remove any debris, dirt, or loose material from the walkway using a broom or a pressure washer.
  • Inspect for Cracks: Check the surface for any cracks or major damages. If you encounter significant issues, it’s advisable to consult a professional for repair before proceeding with the leveling process.
  • Ensure Proper Drainage: Verify that your walkway has sufficient slope and proper drainage to prevent water accumulation.

4. Assessing and Marking the Uneven Areas

Identifying the uneven sections of your walkway is crucial for effective leveling. Follow these steps:

  • Walk and Observe: Take a stroll along your walkway, paying close attention to areas that feel uneven or sunken.
  • Mark the Spots: Use chalk or marking spray paint to highlight the uneven areas, creating a clear visual guide for the leveling process.

5. Mixing and Preparing FoamWorks Pro

Preparing FoamWorks Pro requires careful attention to achieve optimal results. Follow these steps:

  • Read the Instructions: Familiarize yourself with the manufacturer’s guidelines and safety precautions provided with the FoamWorks Pro kit.
  • Measure and Mix: Follow the recommended ratio of the foam components and mix thoroughly using the provided applicator or mechanical mixer.

6. Applying FoamWorks Pro to Level the Walkway

Now comes the exciting part—applying FoamWorks Pro to level your walkway. Here’s how to do it effectively:

  • Start at the Lowest Point: Begin applying the foam at the lowest marked spot and gradually work your way to the higher areas.
  • Fill the Voids: Ensure that the foam fills the voids completely and expands to raise the sunken areas, providing a level surface.

7. Allowing FoamWorks Pro to Cure

After applying FoamWorks Pro, it’s important to let it cure properly. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Follow the Recommended Curing Time: Allow the foam to cure for the recommended duration before subjecting it to foot traffic or additional load.
  • Protect the Area: During the curing process, protect the leveled areas from water or other potential sources of damage.

8. Finishing Touches: Smoothing and Sealing

To achieve a professional finish and prolong the longevity of your leveled walkway, consider these finishing touches:

  • Smoothing the Surface: Use a trowel or a sanding block to smooth out any rough edges or imperfections.
  • Sealing the Walkway: Apply a concrete sealer to protect your walkway from weathering, stains, and other external factors.

9. Maintaining Your Leveled Concrete Walkway

Congratulations on successfully leveling your concrete walkway! To ensure its longevity and optimal performance, follow these maintenance tips:

  • Regular Cleaning: Keep your walkway clean by sweeping away debris and periodically washing it with a mild detergent.
  • Inspect for Settling: Regularly check for any signs of settling or new unevenness. If you notice any issues, promptly address them to maintain a safe walkway.


Achieving a level concrete walkway doesn’t have to be a daunting task anymore. With FoamWorks Pro, you can transform your uneven surfaces into a safe and aesthetically pleasing path. By following the step-by-step instructions provided in this article, you’ll be well-equipped to tackle the leveling process successfully. Say goodbye to stumbling and hello to a smooth, level walkway that will impress both you and your guests for years to come.

Remember, FoamWorks Pro is your trusted companion in creating a safer and more enjoyable environment. So, go ahead and take the first step towards leveling your concrete walkway with ease!

Quick Fix for Uneven Sidewalk: Enhance Safety and Aesthetics

Quick Fix for Uneven Sidewalk: Enhance Safety and Aesthetics with FoamWorks

Addressing Uneven Sidewalks for Safety and Aesthetics

As a responsible homeowner or property manager, ensuring the safety and visual appeal of your premises is of utmost importance. One area that often requires attention is the sidewalk. Uneven sidewalks can pose a significant risk to pedestrians, leading to potential accidents and liabilities. Additionally, these uneven surfaces can negatively impact the aesthetics of your property. Let’s explore an innovative solution offered by FoamWorks that provides the best quick fix for uneven sidewalk, addressing both safety concerns and enhancing the overall appeal.

2. Understanding the Impact of Uneven Sidewalks

Uneven sidewalks can result from various factors such as soil erosion, shifting foundations, tree root growth, or natural wear and tear over time. These irregularities create hazardous conditions for pedestrians, increasing the likelihood of trips, falls, and injuries. Moreover, they can lead to potential lawsuits and costly legal issues for property owners. Beyond safety concerns, uneven sidewalks can also impact the visual appeal of your property, creating an impression of neglect and affecting the overall aesthetic value.

3. The FoamWorks Solution: Quick and Effective Sidewalk Repair

FoamWorks offers an innovative and efficient solution to address uneven sidewalks – the FoamWorks Quick Fix. This revolutionary technique utilizes high-density polyurethane foam to lift and level uneven concrete surfaces, providing a cost-effective alternative to traditional methods.

Unlike conventional approaches that involve extensive excavation, removal, and replacement of concrete, the FoamWorks Quick Fix is minimally invasive. It requires small injection holes, typically no larger than a penny, to be drilled into the affected areas. Through these holes, the specialized foam is injected, expanding and lifting the concrete slab until it reaches the desired level.

4. Benefits of FoamWorks Quick Fix for Uneven Sidewalks

The FoamWorks Quick Fix offers several compelling benefits that make it an ideal choice for addressing uneven sidewalks:

a. Safety Enhancement: By effectively leveling the uneven concrete, the FoamWorks Quick Fix significantly reduces the risk of tripping hazards, ensuring the safety of pedestrians. It eliminates potential liabilities and the associated costs of injuries or legal claims.

b. Time Efficiency: Traditional methods of sidewalk repair can be time-consuming and disruptive. In contrast, the FoamWorks Quick Fix is a swift process, with most projects completed in a matter of hours. This efficiency minimizes inconvenience for property owners and allows for quick accessibility restoration.

c. Cost Savings: The FoamWorks Quick Fix offers substantial cost savings compared to traditional repair methods. By avoiding extensive excavation and concrete replacement, property owners can significantly reduce labor and material expenses.

d. Long-Term Durability: The polyurethane foam used in the FoamWorks Quick Fix is resistant to moisture, chemicals, and environmental factors. It ensures long-term stability and durability, providing a reliable solution that can withstand varying weather conditions and heavy foot traffic.

e. Aesthetic Improvement: Beyond safety considerations, the FoamWorks Quick Fix restores the visual appeal of your property. The leveled sidewalks create a neat and professional appearance, enhancing the overall aesthetic value.

5. How FoamWorks Quick Fix Works: Step-by-Step Guide

The FoamWorks Quick Fix process involves a series of precise steps to achieve optimal results:

Step 1: Assessment and Preparation

  • A FoamWorks technician conducts a thorough inspection of the uneven sidewalk, identifying the areas that require repair.
  • Preparation involves marking the injection points and ensuring that the surrounding area is clean and free from debris.

Step 2: Foam Injection

  • Small holes, typically the size of a penny, are strategically drilled into the affected areas.
  • The high-density polyurethane foam is injected through these holes, filling the voids beneath the concrete slab.

Step 3: Lifting and Leveling

  • As the foam expands, it gently raises the concrete slab, restoring it to its original position and level.
  • The technician carefully monitors the lifting process, ensuring precise adjustment and avoiding any over-lifting.

Step 4: Hole Sealing and Clean-up

  • After the desired level is achieved, the injection holes are sealed with a color-matched compound, leaving a seamless finish.
  • The work area is cleaned up, leaving no traces of the repair process.


Uneven sidewalks pose risks to pedestrians and diminish the visual appeal of properties. FoamWorks offers an exceptional solution with its Quick Fix process, providing a quick fix for uneven sidewalks. By utilizing high-density polyurethane foam, FoamWorks can quickly and effectively level uneven concrete surfaces, ensuring safety and enhancing the overall aesthetics. With its cost-efficiency, durability, and time-saving benefits, FoamWorks Quick Fix is an ideal choice for property owners seeking a reliable and long-lasting solution to their uneven sidewalk concerns. Contact FoamWorks today to transform your uneven sidewalks into safe and beautiful walkways.